Installation Instructions | Taiga Building Products

Installation Instructions

Essentiel floors are designed as a floating system and is installed by using the patented Valinge glueless click system. Essentiel is intended for indoor use only. For best results, be sure to use tiles or planks out of more than one box. Installation outside of these recommendations are considered experimental and not covered under warranty.

Essentiel must be acclimated in the room of installation for a minimum of 48 hours with the temperature between 18°C to 30°C before, during and after installation.

Avoid long period of exposure to direct sunlight. Failure to properly shade Essentiel from the effects of the sun can damage (shrink or buckle) the floor.

This product should be glued down with a flooring adhesive if any of these conditions exist in your home: uneven floor surfaces, large windows, large temperature changes, heavy traffic, stairs, or large floor plan (larger than 750 sq. ft. continuous). In these cases, an approved vinyl flooring adhesive should be applied by trowel (not roller) to the surface between the subfloor and the Essentiel tile or plank. This includes cottages, seasonal homes, and RVs with no temperature control.

STORAGE, HANDLING, CARE AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Essentiel VCT Floors must be stored flat, horizontally and stacked. Improper storage can result in warping and difficult assembly.
  • Storage area and job site should be climate-controlled with temperatures between 10° Celsius and 30° Celsius.
  • Do not store directly on cement, allow for air circulation.
  • Protect carton corners from damage.

TOOLS AND MATERIALS

1/4" or 1/2" Spacers, 25 Degree Wedge, Tape Measure, Circular, Miter, or Jig Saw, T-square, Utility Knife with spare blades, Vinyl Glue, Tape, Safety Glasses, Vacuum

Essentiel may be installed over most types of subfloors and existing floors and on all grade levels.

SUBFLOOR REQUIREMENTS

  • All substrates must be structurally sound and free from movement or deflection.
  • Substrates must adhere to all local building codes.
  • The substrate must be clean, dry, flat and free of any surface defects.
  • To support the locking system, the subfloor must be level within O.5' over 8 ft.
  • Smooth and level all irregularities with a hydraulic (Portland) cement based patching and leveling compound.
  • Essentiel VCT Floors are recommended for use in high humidity areas where the floor is often wet (full bathrooms, steam rooms).
  • A layer of foam underlayment may be applied if it is specrfically approved for use under L vr flooring.

CONCRETE

Concrete subfloors shall be properly cured and allowed to dry for a minimum of 90 days prior to installation. All concrete floors should be checked for flatness prior to installation and brought to proper specs before proceeding with installing your Essentiel VCT Floor.

WOOD

  • Suspended wood subfloors shall have a minimum of 18' of well­​ ventilated air space clearance above the underside of the joists.
  • A moisture barrier must be installed over 100% of the crawl space with 6 overlapped joints at the widths and lengths.​
  • Moisture content of wood subfloor shall not exceed 12%. Test with a moisture meter.
  • Wood subfloors must be structurally sound and deflection free and constructed according to local building codes.
  • Repair any squeaky floor prior to installing Essentiel VCT Floors.
  • Sand or plane high spots and fill all low points with a Portland cement based patching compound. The subfloor must be flat within 0.5'' over 8 feet horizontal. Use a string line stretched tight across the floor to determine flatness.

Existing Sheet and Tile Flooring

  • Existing flooring must be adhered, sound and in good condition.
  • Existing floating floors must be removed.
  • Existing floor must not exceed a single layer above the sub-floor.
  • Repair any damaged areas.
  • Existing sheet vinyl, VCT. LVT may require a skim coat of Portland based leveling compound or if they are deeply embossed. Heavily cushioned vinyl floor or vinyl floor consisting of multiple layers are not suitable as a subfloor.
  • Ceramic tile and terrazzo installed must meet flatness requirements. They should be made smooth by applying a cement overlay such as patching or leveling compound to smooth out surface or grout joints.

Carpeting

All carpeting and padding must be removed before laying Essentiel VCTFloors.

Radiant Heat

  • Essentiel VCT Floors are suitable for installation over radiant heating systems provided that the heating element is not in direct contact with the flooring.
  • New hydronic systems should be running two weeks before installation to remove residual moisture.
  • Establish a constant room temperature of 18-24 ° Celsius prior to installation.

Conditioning I Acclimation

  • Place the unopened cartons of Essentiel VCT Floors lying horizontally in the room in which they will be installed for a minimum of 48 hours at 18-24° Celsius to acclimate before installation.
  • Maintain room temperatures of 18°C to 24°C.

Room Preparation

  • Remove all surface roughness or unevenness of the subfloor as they will, over time, show through the finished resilient (telegraph) and could result in small dents or cause excessive wear.
  • Vacuum and remove all debris, dust and sand.
  • Remove existing wall mouldings and doorway transition mouldings. The moulding must be of sufficient size to cover the 3/a" expansion area around the perimeter of the floor.
  • Leave at least W' between the surface of the flooring and the bottom of electric baseboard heaters to allow heat to circulate.
  • Undercut door mouldings and casings to allow the flooring to flt underneath without restriction. Use a scrap piece of resilient and foam underlayment as a spacer guide.
  • Sweep and/or vacuum substrate to remove all dirt and debris.
  • After installation, it may be necessary to trim the bottom of any doors to allow for the change in floor height.

Getting Started

  1. Determine in which direction the planks will be installed. To make the room appear larger or if installing in very small rooms or hallways, it is preferable to lay the planks parallel to the longest room dimension.
  2. Minimize joint shadow by running board direction parallel to the primary light source.
  3. Carefully measure the room to determine squareness and to determine the width of the last row of planks. If the width of the last row of planks is less than 2" excluding the tongue, cut and adjust the width of the flrst row of planks accordingly.
  4. For rooms wider or longer than 28', the use of T-mouldings is required to account for the normal movement or seasonal expansion/contraction of the floor.
  5. Do not fit this floor flush against any fixed, vertical objects (eg. walls, pipes, passageways, staircases). A minimum of 3/s" expansion space is required around the perimeter of the room as well as any fixed objects.
  6. For best appearance install floor pieces selected from several boxes to ensure blending of colour variance. Avoid installing from one box at a time.
  7. All floating floors require cabinets to be installed before installing Essentiel VCT Floors.
  8. Inspect all planks for visible defects and damage before and during installation. Do not install damaged planks. Essentiel will not accept responsibility for claims on flooring installed with obvious defects. During installation, inspect the groove area for any debris that may prevent proper assembly and locking of planks.

Installing Planks

1. First plank, first row. Leave a %" gap to the left and position the plank tongue-side against the wall.

2. Second plank, first row. Drop this plank gently to the narrow end of the first plank.

3. During the drop down, make sure the planks are tight against each other. Press or tap at the narrow end just installed.

4. At the end of the first row, leave a%" gap, to the wall and measure the length of the last plank and cut to fit.

5. Second row. First plank should be a min length of 20". Click in place.

6. Minimum distance between narrow ends of planks in parallel rows shall not be less than 16".

7. Second plank, second row. Drop the plank gently to the narrow end of the previous plank.

8. Click the plank to the narrow end of the previous panel. During the fold down, make sure the planks are tight against each other.

9. Press or tap along the narrow end of the installed panel.

10. After 2-3 rows. Adjust the distance to the front wall by 3/8".

11. Last row. Minimum width 2". Remember to leave a 3/8" expansion gap. Cut the panels lengthwise and glue the short ends. 

Disassembling (without tool) 
Your floor can be disassembled and reassembled if necessary. 

1. Separate the row by carefully lifting and tapping the row in front and releasing the long side.

2.    Disassemble the planks by sliding horizontally. Do not lift to release.

Finishing the Installation 

  • Remove spacers from the perimeter of the room.
  • Install transition mouldings. Do not fasten transitions through the planks.
  • Install quarter round or baseboard moulding. Moulding must be sufficient size to cover the expansion space. Do not fasten mouldings through the planks.
  • Use floor protection when moving furniture or appliances to avoid damaging the floor.

After the installation 

Room climate - Humidifier or de-humidifier needed? Maintain a humidity (RH) of 45-60 % and temperature of 18-24 °C. If necessary install a humidifier/dehumidifier. 

Maintenance and Care 

  • Do not use abrasive cleaners.
  • The floor should be cleaned by using a vacuum-cleaner (attachment for wood floors) or swept. If required, wipe with a damp mop using mild soap or vinyl floor cleaner.
  • Essentiel VCT Floors are waterproof, but are not guaranteed to provide a waterproofing membrane (liquids may penetrate to the space underneath the floor). Avoid pooling water on the floor. Wipe up spilt liquids.
  • Expansion/Contraction. Daily temperature fluctuation of more than 6 degrees will cause the floor to expand or contract. Sunshine may need to be blocked with window covering to minimize daily temperature changes.
  • Scratches are site related, and are not covered by the manufacturer's warranty. Use felt pads on furniture legs.

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